Trelleborg Supports World's First Full Scale Floating Wind Turbine
19 August 2010
Statoil's innovative new offshore floating Hywind wind turbine, now successfully moored in the North Sea off the Norwegian coast, is demonstrating how Trelleborg Offshore's syntactic foam buoyancy technology is contributing to the future of offshore power generation.
“It is subsea technology that has already been extensively proven,” commented Gary Howland, Renewables Sales Manager for Trelleborg Offshore. “Trelleborg Distributed Buoyancy Modules (DBMs) developed for deepwater support of umbilicals and risers in the oil and gas industry are ideal for this application; helping reduce project risk by using proven technology.
“People see the tower and turbine, but forget that the expertise in designing the subsea portion is also critical, as ultimately it keeps the whole turbine afloat. The dynamic floating structure weighs 5,300 tons and is 165 metres tall; with a total of 65 metres above sea surface. The 13km of power offtake and communications cabling attached to the structure further adds to its weight.
“It's like the proverbial iceberg; the mass floating below the surface ensures stability. Unless the weight is supported by properly designed buoyancy the whole structure would be much less able to resist the extremes of the offshore environment and the cable could suffer premature damage.”
For Hywind, Trelleborg Offshore designed and supplied 45 off polymer-coated syntactic foam DBMs which supply buoyancy support for a 3 ton, 100 meter section of cable as it exits the turbine spar and descends to the sea bed at -220 meters. The buoyancy modules include an internal clamp for secure fastening and precise positioning on the cable. The cable is supported mid-water in what is known as a ‘Lazy Wave' configuration, featuring gentle long radius curves that minimise stress on the cable while accommodating natural movement created by wind and waves.
Howland continued: “For optimum buoyancy under different sea conditions, the precise position of the buoyancy modules on the cable is pre-calculated. The positions must be maintained, despite stresses during launch and in operation. The clamp is crucial; the design, material selection and manufacturing technique are critical in ensuring the finished clamp maintains the buoyancy module position, during cable contraction and expansion, over the 20 year lifetime of the project.
“Trelleborg Offshore has substantial expertise in operating in deep water marine and subsea environments, and a track record acknowledged by leading offshore engineering companies all around the world. The company has significant experience in the supply of DBMs, within excess of 35,000 modules in service, which will be invaluable in the rapid establishment of the far offshore renewables industry.
“We have seen many of the technical challenges before, in the offshore oil & gas arena, so our engineers can quickly and easily adapt proven solutions for use in offshore wind power generation. This will greatly reduce project risk and make development of the industry far quicker and less costly.”